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germany wine tasting glassses

Germany, Consumers Drink More Wine

1. Leading Origins
2. Sales Channels
3. Wine Consumption
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With this volume of demand, the German wine market ranks third among the world’s largest consumer markets for wine. According to the International Organization for Vine and Wine (OIV), most wine is drunk in the USA, followed by France and Italy.


As Europe’s largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent’s economic and political organizations. With the advent of the Cold War, two German states were formed in 1949: the western Federal Republic of Germany and the eastern German Democratic Republic. The decline of the USSR and the end of the Cold War allowed for German reunification in 1990. Since then, Germany has expended considerable funds to bring eastern productivity and wages up to western standards.

The German economy – the fifth largest economy in the world in PPP terms and Europe’s largest – is a leading exporter of machinery, vehicles, chemicals, and household equipment. Germany benefits from a highly skilled labor force, but, like its Western European neighbors, faces significant demographic challenges to sustained long-term growth.
The German economy suffers from low levels of investment. Domestic consumption, investment, and exports are likely to drive German GDP growth, and the country’s budget and trade surpluses are likely to remain high.

Domestic Wines Prevail in a Declining Wine Market

Wine consumption in Germany decreased by 0.4 liters to 20.1 liters per capita in 2019, which remains within the 20-year range of 20 to 21 liters. Sparkling wine consumption remained unchanged at 3.3 liters, resulting in a per capita consumption of 23.4 liters of wine and sparkling wine.

63% of the harvest comes from white grapes and 37% from red grapes. The five most important grape varieties in Germany (Riesling, Pinot Noir, Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Gris and Dornfelder), comprising five million hectoliters, make up 60% of the total harvest.

Read also Russia, Why New Restrictions for Imported Wine?

The food retail sector maintained its strong market position for wine distribution in Germany, selling 79% of all wines in 2019. The discount stores retained their 50% market share and the classic supermarkets their 18%, whilst the hypermarkets gained an additional percentage point to claim 11% of the market. 4% of all wines were sold online, as per the year prior.

We have analyzed white wines listed in restaurants:

1. Loire
2. Burgundy
3. Baden
4. IGP France
5. Pfalz

6. Mosel-Saar-Ruwer
7. Rheingau
8. Rheinhessen
9. Alsace
10. Lower Austria

11. Bordeaux
12. Nahe
13. Rhône
14. IGT Italy
15. Franken

Sales of domestic wines have remained stable despite wine purchases falling by 0.9% overall. German wines thus maintained their market share of 48%, followed by Italy with 16%, France with 12% and Spain with 9%.

Germany alcoholic beverages share

Germans drink more wine in 2020

The wine consumption in Germany has risen. Germans drank an average of 0.6 liters more wine per person in the past wine year (August 1, 2019 – July 31, 2020), than in the previous year. A total of 17.2 million hectoliters of domestic and imported still wines were consumed in this country in the 12-month period, which, converted to the 83.1 million inhabitants, corresponds to a wine per capita consumption of 26.1 liters.

The wine consumption balance shows the entire wine market. It includes both consumption outside the home, for example in gastronomy, as well as wine purchases in retail and from producers.

The fact that wine consumption increased in the past wine year, despite restaurants being closed due to the corona restrictions, is also due to the cancellation of holiday trips abroad. In addition, more wine was bought in stores during the first lockdown and many consumers replenished their wine supplies during this time.

Monika Reule, DWI Managing Director
Germany wine consumption, by volume

The consumption of sparkling wine however, did not benefit from this development. In the past wine year, a total of 2.6 million hectoliters was sold, which is a slight decrease of 0.1 liters per person, hence the lower total of 3.2 liters per person and year.

Germany wine consumption, by value

For still and sparkling wine consumption, the current balance results in a total of 19.8 million hectoliters, which corresponds to 29.3 liters of wine and sparkling wine per capita per year for all German citizens.

germany wine tasting glassses
Germany, Consumers Drink More Wine
Our evaluation method
The data shows key metrics, and these are combined to show a ranking calculated using a composite weighted attractiveness combining overall economic factors and wine market factors.
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